To invoke dired, type C-x d or M-x dired. The command reads a
directory name or wildcard file name pattern as a minibuffer argument just
list-directory command, C-x C-d. Where
list-directory is in naming the buffer after the
directory name or the wildcard pattern used for the listing, and putting
the buffer into Dired mode so that the special commands of Dired are
available in it. The variable
dired-listing-switches is a string
used as an argument to
ls in making the directory; this string
must contain ‘-l’.
To display the Dired buffer in another window rather than in the selected
window, use C-x 4 d (
dired-other-window) instead of C-x d.