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1.2 Lucid Emacs

Lucid Emacs was developed by the (now-defunct) Lucid Inc., a maker of C++ and Lisp development environments. It began when Lucid decided they wanted to use Emacs as the editor and cornerstone of their C++ development environment (called “Energize”). They needed many features that were not available in the existing version of GNU Emacs (version 18.5something), in particular good and integrated support for GUI elements such as mouse support, multiple fonts, multiple window-system windows, etc. A branch of GNU Emacs called Epoch, written at the University of Illinois, existed that supplied many of these features; however, Lucid needed more than what existed in Epoch. At the time, the Free Software Foundation was working on version 19 of Emacs (this was sometime around 1991), which was planned to have similar features, and so Lucid decided to work with the Free Software Foundation. Their plan was to add features that they needed, and coordinate with the FSF so that the features would get included back into Emacs version 19.

Delays in the release of version 19 occurred, however (resulting in it finally being released more than a year after what was initially planned), and Lucid encountered unexpected technical resistance in getting their changes merged back into version 19, so they decided to release their own version of Emacs, which became Lucid Emacs 19.0.

The initial authors of Lucid Emacs were Matthieu Devin, Harlan Sexton, and Eric Benson, and the work was later taken over by Jamie Zawinski, who became “Mr. Lucid Emacs” for many releases.

A time line for Lucid Emacs is

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